Tao Zhang, Post-doc

Lakes as coupled human and natural systems


Evaluating the effects of upstream lakes and wetlands on lake phosphorus concentrations

  • The presence, connectivity, and configuration of upstream lakes and wetlands are features of the landscape that are likely to affect downstream lake phosphorus concentrations.
  • These freshwater features are rarely incorporated into phosphorus loading models, perhaps because of the need for spatially-explicit approaches that account for their location and configuration.

Research Question

  • What level of spatial complexity is needed to effectively model lake phosphorus concentrations?
  • What effects do upstream lakes and wetlands have on downstream lake phosphorus concentrations?


  • Comparison of the performance of four models with different levels of spatial complexity using 399 Michigan lakes.


MSU Center for Water Research Postdoctoral Fellowship Program.

Current Employment

University of Florida